Onset of action of ciclesonide once daily in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis

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Abstract

Background:

Ciclesonide is an intranasal corticosteroid approved for the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR).

Objective:

To evaluate the time to onset of action of ciclesonide, 200 μg/d, in patients with seasonal AR (SAR).

Methods:

In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study conducted in an environmental exposure chamber, 509 adults with at least a 2-year history of SAR completed 1 to 5 priming sessions of ragweed pollen exposure (mean [SD] of 3,500 [500] grains/m3). Patients with successful priming visits (defined as patient-assessed instantaneous total nasal symptom scores [TNSSs] ≥6 and rhinorrhea or nasal congestion scores ≥2) received a single dose of intranasal ciclesonide, 200 μg (n = 255), or placebo (n = 254). The difference in the change from baseline in TNSSs between the ciclesonide and placebo groups was measured hourly 1 to 12 hours after study drug administration.

Results:

At hour 6, the mean treatment difference in TNSSs between ciclesonide and placebo was 0.53 (95% confidence interval, 0.03-1.03; P = .02). Significant treatment differences in favor of ciclesonide were also observed at 2 additional time points: hour 10 (P = .01) and hour 12 (P = .008).

Conclusions:

These results confirm that intranasal ciclesonide, 200 μg/d, has an onset of action of 6 hours in patients with SAR.

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