Evaluation of the new Viewmax laryngoscope in a simulated difficult airway

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Abstract

Background

In this study, we evaluated the learning curve and performance of the Viewmax laryngoscope during simulated difficult laryngoscopy in an intubation manikin (Laerdal Airway Management Trainer).

Methods

To determine the learning curve, 25 anaesthesiologists without previous experience with the Viewmax laryngoscope performed 10 successive intubations in an intubation manikin with a normal airway. Time to intubation and failed intubation attempts were recorded. Another manikin was modified to enable comparison of the Viewmax laryngoscope with Macintosh and McCoy laryngoscopes. The time to intubation, number of failed intubation attempts, modified Cormack and Lehane (MCL) laryngeal view grading, percentage of glottic opening (POGO score), use of gum elastic bougie and subjective rating of degree of difficulty were recorded.

Results

The learning curve for the Viewmax laryngoscope showed a progressive decrease in time to successful intubation and reached a plateau at the sixth attempt. In simulated difficult laryngoscopy, the Viewmax laryngoscope demonstrated significantly better laryngeal view than the Macintosh and McCoy laryngoscopes in terms of MCL grading (Macintosh, P = 0.01; McCoy, P < 0.01) and POGO score (Macintosh, P < 0.01; McCoy, P < 0.01). The time required for intubation in simulated difficult laryngoscopy for the Viewmax laryngoscope was significantly longer than that for the Macintosh (P = 0.02) and McCoy (P < 0.01) laryngoscopes. There was no significant difference in the degree of difficulty, number of failed intubations and use of gum elastic bougie.

Conclusion

When compared with the Macintosh and McCoy laryngoscopes in a manikin, the Viewmax laryngoscope appears to improve the view of the larynx but requires a longer time for tracheal intubation.

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