The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between cardiac output (CO) and reversibility of rocuronium-induced moderate neuromuscular block with sugammadex in elderly patients.Methods:
Fifty elderly (≥ 65 years) patients were enrolled in this study. During 1.0–1.5% end-tidal sevoflurane and remifentanil anaesthesia, contraction of the adductor pollicis muscle in response to ulnar nerve stimulation was acceleromyographically quantified. All patients initially received 1 mg/kg rocuronium followed by 0.2 mg/kg whenever the second twitch T2 of the train-of-four (TOF) response reappeared. CO was measured throughout the study using a FloTrac™/Vigileo™ monitor. After completion of surgery and at the reappearance of T2, the time required for a bolus dose of 2 mg/kg sugammadex to facilitate recovery to a TOF ratio of 0.9 was recorded, and its correlation with CO was analysed.Results:
Adequate recovery of neuromuscular block was achieved after sugammadex in all patients. Mean CO at the time of reversal with sugammadex was 5.3 l/min (1.3), and recovery time to a TOF ratio of 0.9 was 173.4 s (54.8). A statistically significant inverse correlation was seen between the time to recovery to a TOF ratio of 0.9 and CO [reversal time (s) = −27.7·CO + 298.7, R2 = 0.461, P<0.0001].Conclusions:
The time to reach a TOF ratio of 0.9 following sugammadex is dependent on CO in elderly patients.