Spontaneous Conversions of Supraventricular Tachycardia to Sinus Rhythm in Children After Premedication With Intranasal Dexmedetomidine: A Case Report

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Intranasal dexmedetomidine administered as premedication before anesthesia and cardioversion appears to have the potential to facilitate the return of sinus rhythm. Two children, 3.5 and 1.5 years old, with recurrent supraventricular tachycardia in need of cardioversion have now on several occasions spontaneously returned to sinus rhythm within 20–40 minutes after intranasal administration of dexmedetomidine (4 μg/kg) with a mucosal atomization device. Both children were observed on all occasions at the pediatric outpatient clinic and could return home within 2 hours of cardioversion. For children with supraventricular tachycardia, a selective α2-agonist might be a valuable alternative to cardioversion with adenosine.

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