The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is underexpressed in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) lung, but the role of RAGE in human lung fibrosis remains uncertain.Objectives:
To examine (1) the association between IPF risk and variation at rs2070600, a functional missense variant in AGER (the gene that codes for RAGE), and (2) the associations between plasma-soluble RAGE (sRAGE) levels with disease severity and time to death or lung transplant in IPF.Methods:
We genotyped the rs2070600 single-nucleotide polymorphism in 108 adults with IPF and 324 race-/ethnicity-matched control subjects. We measured plasma sRAGE by ELISA in 103 adults with IPF. We used generalized linear and additive models as well as Cox models to control for potential confounders. We repeated our analyses in 168 (genetic analyses) and 177 (sRAGE analyses) adults with other forms of interstitial lung disease (ILD).Results:
There was no association between rs2070600 variation among adults with IPF (P = 0.31). Plasma sRAGE levels were lower among adults with IPF and other forms of ILD than in control subjects (P < 0.001). The rs2070600 allele A was associated with a 49% lower sRAGE level (95% confidence interval [CI], 11 to 71%; P = 0.02) among adults with IPF. In adjusted analyses, lower sRAGE levels were associated with greater disease severity (14% sRAGE decrement per 10% FVC decrement; 95% CI, 5 to 22%) and a higher rate of death or lung transplant at 1 year (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.9 per logarithmic unit of sRAGE decrement; 95% CI, 1.2-3.3) in IPF. Similar findings were observed in a heterogeneous group of adults with other forms of ILD.Conclusions:
Lower plasma sRAGE levels may be a biological measure of disease severity in IPF. Variation at the rs2070600 single-nucleotide polymorphism was not associated with IPF risk.