Formation of DNA Complexes with Actinomycins in Aqueous Solutions and Films

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The mechanisms of DNA interaction with actinomycin D (AMD), 7-amino-actinomycin D (7-AAMD), and ethidium bromide (EtBr) were studied in aqueous solutions and in the condensed state (films coating plates). The use of the methods of absorption (UV, IR, and visible spectral ranges) and fluorescence (steady-state, polarization, and phase-modulation) spectroscopy revealed that (1) the formation of DNA complexes with 7-AAMD in solution was not accompanied by energy transfer from photoexcited nucleotides to phenoxazone chromophore and (2) the mechanism of ligand incorporation was distinct from stacking. In the film of the DNA–7-AAMD complex, which simulated the native state in a biological cell, the energy transfer efficiency was high. This indicates that a stacking-type mechanism underlies actinomycin intercalation into DNA. In the presence of high concentrations of 7-AAMD in the film, DNA denatured and its double-helical structure degraded. In the DNA–AMD complex, the native B-form of DNA molecule was conserved both in films and in solution.

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