The characteristics of xylose isomerase biosynthesis in the bacteria Arthrobacter nicotianae BIM B-5, Erwinia carotovora subsp atroseptica jn42xylA, and Escherichia coli HB101xylA have been studied. The bacteria produced the enzyme constitutively. Out of the carbon sources studied, D-glucose and D-xylose were most favorable for the biosynthesis of xylose isomerase in E. carotovora subsp. atroseptica, but the least appropriate in terms of the enzyme production efficiency in E. coli. Minimum and maximum levels of xylose isomerase formation in A. nicotianae were noted, respectively, during D-xylose and sucrose utilization. An addition to the D-xylose-containing nutrient medium of 0.1–1.5% D-glucose did not affect the enzyme synthesis in A. nicotianae, but suppressed it in Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (by 7% at the highest concentration) and Escherichia coli (by 63 and 75% at concentrations of 0.1 and 1.0%, respectively). The enzyme proteins produced by the bacteria exhibited the same substrate specificity and electrophoretic mobility (PAGE) as xylose isomerase A. nicotianae, although insignificant differences in the major physicochemical properties were noted.