Synthesis of Electroconductive Polyaniline Using Immobilized Laccase

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A new method for synthesis of the conductive complex between polyaniline (PANI) and poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanosulfonic acid) (PAMPS) was proposed; in this method, the immobilized laccase from the basidiomycete Trametes hirsuta is used as a biocatalyst for aniline oxidative polymerization. The conditions for laccase immobilization on CM cellulose by bifunctional Woodward's reagent were optimized. The catalytic properties of immobilized and native laccases were compared. The immobilized laccase appeared an efficient catalyst for the oxidative radical polymerization of aniline on polysulfonic acid matrix at 4°C. It was demonstrated that the immobilized enzyme could be repeatedly used for enzymatic synthesis of this polymer. Several spectral characteristics of the PANI/PAMPS complexes synthesized at various pH values were studied. The conductance of PANI specimens produced using immobilized laccase as a catalyst was 13 mS/cm.

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