Platelet Receptor Glycoprotein VI-Mediated Adhesion to Type I Collagen Under Hydrodynamic Flow

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Abstract

Glycoprotein VI (GPVI) is a platelet receptor that directly binds collagen. It has been shown by expressing GPVI in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells that GPVI mediates adhesion to type I collagen under static conditions. However, the ability of GPVI to secure adhesion to collagen type I under flow has not been measured. We studied the interaction of GPVI and type I collagen under hydrodynamic flow using RBL-2H3 cells transfected with the GPVI receptor. We found that GPVI-expressing RBL-2H3 cells adhere to collagen under flow, significantly more so than non-GPVI-expressing RBL-2H3 cells. Inhibition of GPVI by the 11A12 anti-GPVI antibody significantly blocks adhesion to collagen, indicating that GPVI specifically interacts with collagen. Probing the role of signaling in GPVI binding to collagen, we used mutants of GPVI and observed that signal transduction did not inhibit adhesion. To test the correlation between receptor expression and adhesion, we tested three GPVI-expressing RBL-2H3 cell lines (A, B, and C) with different levels of receptor expression. At a single shear rate, the level of adhesion increases monotonically with surface expression. The results, using this model cell line, indicate that GPVI is capable of mediating adhesion to collagen under shear, in a density-dependent fashion that is independent of GPVI signaling.

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