A conception of the subconscious: Correction

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Reports an error in the original article by H. E. Pressey (Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 1926[Oct-Dec], 21, 277–283). On page 283, an error in set-up lost the significance of the author's summary. The corrected summary of the various “Orders of Cerebration” are provided. (The following abstract of this article originally appeared in record 1927-00103-001.) The types of cerebration may be listed under two main captions, consciousness and subconsciousness. At least three divisions of the field of consciousness can be made out. In addition there is evidence for a variety of cortical activities not correlated directly with it. All such activities are subsumed under the heading subconsciousness. In the normal person there are normal subconscious processes, and the normal unconscious, comprising those elements not functioning at the moment. The normal unconscious consists of nonfunctioning neurograms (Prince's conception modified to mean a synaptic connection which has been traversed by an impulse, the impulse leaving a temporary or permanent configuration) and untried synapses. These possibilities for the making of neurograms are subdivided into preneurograms, which are particularly liable to use, e.g. instincts, and other possible connections. In abnormal individuals there is in addition another type of process which may be called disconscious, those which are functioning at the moment being coconscious, and those not functioning unconscious. Under this head come both active and inactive complexes and separate personalities. Neurological schemata illustrating in terms of corresponding cortical processes are given, and the more important subdivisions of consciousness and subconsciousness are summarized in a table. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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