Racial prejudice and racial stereotypes

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Ten ethnic groups were placed in rank order by 60 Princeton students on the basis of preference for association with their members. The ranking was similar to the results reported by other investigators. Minor exceptions occurred in the case of the Jews and Japanese, who were placed somewhat lower and higher, respectively, than in other studies. A change in instructions designed to elicit private or personal responses as against public attitudes had a significant effect only in the case of the negroes, who were placed a rank higher in private than in public preferences. Students showed the greatest agreement in ranking the Americans, English, and Germans for both public and private preferences. The least agreement in public preferences occurred for the Jews, Japanese, and Chinese, and in private preferences for the negroes, Jews, and Chinese. A list of 84 traits given as the typical characteristics of the ten nationalities by a group of students was rated by another group of students on the basis of their desirability as associates. From these ratings scores were assigned to the ten nationalities, the relative weights of which agreed closely with the preferential private and public rank orders. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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