Environment and the Draw-a−Man Test: the performance of Indian children

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The Good-enough Draw-a-Man Test was given to representative samples of children, 6 to 11 years old, in Sioux, Navaho, Papago, Hopi, Zuni, and Zia communities and in a small western white community. Indian children obtained higher average IQ's on the drawing test than on the Arthur Performance Test, whereas white children obtained lower average IQ's on the drawing test. Indian boys did better than girls on the Draw-a-Man Test in all communities where artistic expression or observation is encouraged in boys. The Draw-a-Man Test seems to be a valid measure of the formation of concepts based on observation. But it may not be a valid measure of intelligence if observation is either encouraged or limited. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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