Studies of German youth

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Four samples of German youth (aged 14–18) answered anonymous attitude questionnaires. The boys expressed pro-American and pro-democratic attitudes where these were obvious, but were inconsistent in revealing Nazi attitudes toward race and power. They feared Russia but thought the Germans superior to all others except Americans and British. They admitted Germany's guilt in starting the war and were willing to have the Jews repatriated. This ready acceptance of pro-American views reveals the uncritical acceptance of authority sponsored by Nazism, rather than a real conversion to democratic principles. It was most apparent among the young prisoners of war subjected to American re-education. In contrast, a group of girls from an anti-Nazi private school were less pro-American but more democratic and better balanced in their views. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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