The effects of two degrees of failure on level of aspiration and performance

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An experiment with 40 undergraduates, designed to “determine whether differences in degree of failure defined not in terms of S's reactions but in terms of independently controlled antecedent events, could be shown to have any reliable effect” upon responses, is described. Results indicated that, in general, “failure experiences were followed by the lowering of aspiration levels, and more severe failure resulted in a greater drop than did mild failure.” With successive failures there was a diminishing effect upon level of aspiration, but the data for the performance measure indicated a reverse trend. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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