The effect of mental set and item structure upon response to a projective test

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A sentence completion test composed of positively toned, negatively toned, and neutral stimuli was administered to 120 college students under conditions designed to favor response distortion. It was shown that, “other things being equal, the tone of the responses to a projective test of the sentence completion type is a direct function of the mental set of the subject as determined essentially by test instructions” and is also “a direct function of the tone of the stimuli.” Implications for test construction are considered. 21 references. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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