Leadership and isolation


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Abstract

Reviews the book, Leadership and isolation by Helen Hall Jennings (1950). This is the revised and enlarged second edition of a book published by Jennings in 1943. In it she undertakes to study the psychology of choice': how individuals differ in the kind and extent of their “interpersonal relationships.” The book is divided into four main parts. Part I is an introduction to the area of choice in human behavior. Choice refers to the selection by a subject of one or more individuals with whom he would like to share a certain activity. Part II describes the technique used by the author and the population studied in her research. Her subjects were more than 400 adolescents committed, mostly for sexual delinquency, to the New York State Training School for Girls. The age range was 12 to 16 years. The 1916 Binet intelligence quotient ranged roughly between 60 and 120 with a median of 84. In Part III the author discusses briefly personality and interpersonal relations. In Part IV Jennings describes the choosing process for the “leisure time” criterion, and here she proposes the distinction between “psychegroup” and “sociogroup”; finally she compares her research findings and formulations with the literature up to the present. Although the contributions of this revision cannot be as numerous as those of the first edition, the reviewer believes that the book was highly worth printing since research workers can still utilize the many important findings of Jennings as well as discover in her material many points relevant to their special interests. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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