The structure of personality

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Reviews the book, The structure of personality by H. J. Eysenck (1953). According to the reviewer, some fifty years of endeavor on the part of several hundred psychologists are dissected and reported upon in this book. The literature was combed for empirical studies bearing on theories of personality structure, the proper statistical model for which, according to Dr. Eysenck, is R factor analysis, and more especially analysis into first-and second-order factors along Thurstone's well-known lines. The reviewer points out that the theory favored by Eysenck is a hierarchical construction of his own, according to which habitual modes of response become organized into traits, which in turn are arranged into a few all-embracing types. Traits and types correspond to first- and second-order factors, respectively. Traits are of the kind “shyness,” “persistence,” “rigidity”; types are groups of correlated traits, there being three such clusters, called introversion- extroversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism. The book is a disquisition on facts to support this hierarchical construction, drawn vicariously from studies on the analysis of questionnaires, objective behavior tests, physique, physiological measures, interests and attitudes, correlation between persons, and “trait” measurements. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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