Identification and personality structure in preadolescents

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2 approaches to the conceptualization and measurement of parental identification were studied in relation to self-conceptualization and social adjustment in preadolescents. Disguised, objective measures of identification, parental attitudes, and personality characteristics of children were derived from responses of 43 children and their parents on a questionnaire designed to control social desirability and other response sets. Results indicated that a dualistic conception of identification, distinguishing between threat based and support based types of identification, was related to child personality measures, while the extent of identification was not. Children identifying with supporting parents were consistently more self-accepting, less dependent upon current social relationships, and more accepted by peers. Predicted interrelationships among child personality measures were also confirmed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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