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Introversion, neuroticism, and conditioning

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Abstract

73 university students were tested with 50 acquisition and 20 extinction trials in a finger withdrawal procedure using a strong electric shock as the unconditioned stimulus and a tone as the conditioned stimulus. The GSR was conditioned to the tone simultaneously. While there were high correlations between acquisition and extinction scores for each conditioning procedure, there were no significant correlations between the 2—a result inconsistent with the presence of a strong general factor of conditionability, and possibly related to the fact that one type of conditioning depends merely on “contiguity,” whereas “drive reduction” is important for the other. None of the conditioning indices were significantly correlated with introversion, neuroticism, or manifest anxiety as assessed by various questionnaires, or with an independent psychiatric rating of anxiety based on an interview. (28 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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