Delinquency and school dropout behavior as a function of impulsivity and nondominant values


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Abstract

This study tested the hypotheses (a) that over and above social class differences, delinquents and school dropouts are more impulsive than nondeviants; and (b) that these deviant groups maintain a nondominant value system. The data were collected prior to the occurrence of the deviant behavior. Ss were selected from 4 Texas nonurban areas. The deviant groups differed significantly from the nondeviant group on 3 psychomotor tasks, 2 tasks that require the maintenance of a convergent set, and surgency. These findings are consistent with the impulsivity postulate. Self-reported values were not found to differentiate the groups. By and large, the delinquents and school dropouts were similar in performance on the measures included in this investigation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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