Extravasation Injuries: Current Medical and Surgical Treatment

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Abstract

Background:

Extravasation is a devastating complication of intravenous therapy that develops when a drug infiltrates the interstitial tissue surrounding the vein. Due to the uncertain and possibly dramatic outcome, early recognition and adequate treatment with the aid of a standardized protocol are needed.

Methods:

A pubmed literature search was conducted and all relevant articles were reviewed for the development of an extravasation treatment protocol.

Results:

An overview of current treatment guidelines and clinical experience is provided. The extravasation treatment protocol was implied during 1 year in this university hospital with satisfactory outcome.

Conclusion:

Treatment starts with prevention. In case of an established extravasation injury, early recognition, assessment of severity, and treatment with medical and/ or surgical therapies are recommended.

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