Characteristics and Long-Term Outcome of Patients with Systemic Immunoglobulin Light-Chain Amyloidosis

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Abstract

Background/Aims:

Immunoglobulin light-chain (AL) amyloidosis is a systemic disorder that causes progressive organ dysfunction. The optimal treatment strategy requires accurate patient stratification with an emphasis on the extent of cardiac involvement. Reports on its prognosis are sparse and predominantly originate from highly selected centers. We aimed to evaluate patient characteristics and outcomes in a cohort treated at a single center.

Methods:

This is a single-center retrospective study of 63 consecutive patients diagnosed with AL amyloidosis between January 2000 and December 2012. Patients were evaluated by treatment strategy and cardiac involvement.

Results:

The mean age at diagnosis was 61.4 years (±8.9), and 39 patients (62%) were male. Thirty-two (51%) patients presented with cardiac amyloid involvement (CA) and the remaining 31 (49%) had noncardiac amyloidosis (NCA). The median follow-up time was 12.7 months (0.3-90.8), and 38 (60%) patients died during follow-up. The median overall survival (OS) was 29 months (95% CI 12.1-57.2) and the OS was not significantly lower for patients with CA compared to NCA (log-rank = 0.21).

Conclusion:

The prognosis in AL amyloidosis is grave, but the outcome with treatment in the current series was comparable to those in series from larger centers. CA did not significantly predict the OS.

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