A Rapid and Simple Liquid-Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry Method for Measuring 25-Hydroxyvitamin D2 and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 in Human Serum: Comparison with Two Automated Immunoassays

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Total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) is well-known to be a reliable biomarker of human vitamin D status, with the recognition of widespread vitamin D insufficiency in general populations. The aims of this study are to validate a fast and simple liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for quantifying 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D3 in serum and to compare two automated immunoassays with the LC-MS/MS method.


Samples were prepared by protein precipitation with ethanol including 25(OH)D3-d6, followed by a liquid-liquid extraction with hexane. The analytes were separated within a total run time of 3 min. Accuracy was evaluated with standard reference materials (SRM) 972a. Using 150 samples, the LC-MS/MS method was compared with the LIAISON® assay and ADVIA Centaur® assay.


The LC-MS/MS method had a limit of quantitation of 1 ng/mL for the 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D3 with linear responses between 1 and 100 ng/mL. Intra- and inter-assay precision were <8.8% and <13.2%, respectively. It also showed a smallest mean difference (+0.9%) for the SRM level 1 to 3, compared to the two immunoassays. Compared to the LC-MS/MS, the mean biases of the RIAISON and ADVIA were +2.4 and +7.9 ng/mL, respectively. Also, the agreement of the LC-MS/MS with the RIAISON was better than that with the ADVIA.


This study suggests that the LC-MS/MS method traceable to the SRM can be reliably applied in routine quantification of 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D3.

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