Candidaalbicans is a polymorphic organism that grows under certain conditions as blastospores, hyphae or pseudohyphae. The potentials of FTIR spectroscopy for assessing structural differences in C. albicans blastospores and hyphae were investigated. The main observed differences were localised in the polysaccharide (950-1,185 cm-1), protein (1,480-1,720 cm-1), and the fatty acids (2,840-3,000 cm-1) regions. Quantitative evaluation of differences between hyphae and blastospores by curve-fitting of these regions indicate that these modifications could be due to both changes in structure and content of components of the cell wall such as β-glucans, mannoproteins, and lipids. Furthermore, glycogen consumption could be involved during hyphae elongation. Thus, FTIR spectroscopy can be an interesting tool to investigate differences in structure and in content between blastospores and hyphae. We also demonstrate through this study that differentiation of C. albicans clinical strains using hyphae is feasible, as this has been previously shown with blastospores. This preliminary work on identification of C. albicans using hyphae is a prelude to a larger clinical study for early typing within 7 h from a pure culture.