Plasma thrombospondin-1 and clinical outcomes in traumatic brain injury

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Objective –

Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) acts as an anti-angiogenic factor, and its expression in rat brain is upregulated after intracerebral hemorrhage. The current study was designed to investigate the change of plasma TSP-1 levels and assess the prognostic predictive effect of plasma TSP-1 level and it is associated with head trauma severity in the patients with severe traumatic brain injury (STBI).

Materials and methods –

The plasma TSP-1 levels of 134 patients and 134 healthy controls were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relationships between plasma TSP-1 levels and trauma severity reflected by Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores as well as between plasma TSP-1 levels and short-term and long-term clinical outcomes were analyzed using multivariate analysis.

Results –

Plasma TSP-1 levels were statistically significantly higher in patients than in healthy controls. The multivariate analysis demonstrated close association of TSP-1 with GCS scores and also identified TSP-1 as an independent predictor for 1-week mortality, 6-month mortality, and 6-month unfavorable outcome. Plasma TSP-1 levels had high prognostic predictive value based on receiver operating characteristic curve. The difference between its prognostic predictive value and GCS scores was not statistically significant.

Conclusions –

Plasma TSP-1 levels are elevated and are highly associated with head trauma severity and short-term and long-term outcomes of STBI. TSP-1 may be a good prognostic biomarker of STBI.

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