Introduction, Surgical treatment options for corneal dystrophies Corneal dystrophies are the group of hereditary disorders affecting all corneal layers. Since 2008 when IC3D classification was published there are new advances in diagnosis and treatment of corneal dystrophies. During this course we would like to present the current methods of diagnosis including genetic testing and different treatment options. The choice of the surgical treatment option depends on the corneal dystrophy type and includes: anterior lamellar keratoplasty for dystrophies without Descemet membrane involvement, descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty for Fuchs corneal dystrophy and penetrating keratoplasty for dystrophies characterized by full corneal thickness involvement. All types of keratoplasty could be performed traditionally or with the assistance of the femtosecond laser. The corneal graft survival depends on the corneal dystrophy type and possible complication of the surgery related to the diagnosis of the corneal dystrophy is the recurrence of the disease.