Choroidal circulation impairment during the anterior recurrence of Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada disease confirmed with indocyanine green angiography and laser speckle flowgraphy

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Abstract

Purpose:

To assess choroidal inflammation-related circulatory changes associated with the anterior recurrence of Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada (VKH) disease, using indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG).

Methods:

This retrospective case series included 17 eyes of 11 patients with VKH disease showing recurrent inflammatory findings in the anterior, but not posterior, segment (i.e. anterior recurrence). Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and LSFG were performed at the time of recurrence and one month after the initiation of corticosteroid therapy. The number and total area of hypofluorescent dark dots (HDDs) on ICGA were independently counted by three physicians and measured with ImageJ, respectively. Mean blur rate (MBR), a quantitative index of relative blood flow velocity, was calculated via the LSFG Analyzer software.

Results:

Hypofluorescent dark dots (HDDs) were identified on ICGA in 13 of 17 eyes (76%) with the anterior recurrence of VKH disease. The number and total area of HDDs significantly decreased from 203 ± 101 dots to 59 ± 51 dots and from 48 789 ± 24 251 pixels to 15 664 ± 13 254 pixels, respectively. The change ratio of MBR significantly increased by 17.9 ± 16.3% after the treatment. Importantly, there was no significant association between the change ratios of HDDs and MBR.

Conclusions:

These findings on LSFG and ICGA clearly demonstrated subclinical involvement as well as post-treatment improvement of choroidal circulation impairment due to granulomatous inflammation in eyes with the anterior recurrence of VKH disease. The present data suggest the validity of using these two examinations, capable of detecting different circulatory changes, in the management of recurrent VKH disease.

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