Approach to haemangiomatosis causing congestive heart failure

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Abstract

Haemangiomas represent the most common tumour of infancy. Although most cases are cutaneous benign lesions, multiple skin haemangiomas are associated with visceral involvement, especially of the liver. Hepatic haemangiomatosis may be complicated by high-output cardiac failure due to high-flow arteriovenous connections within the lesions. Different therapeutic strategies for treating haemangiomatosis causing heart failure include medical, surgical and interventional modalities. This study aimed to review the treatment options, discuss their benefits and flaws and propose a practical therapeutic approach for this medical situation.

Conclusion:

Our approach incorporates heart failure medications, dietary support and propranolol as first-line treatment, while corticosteroids, vincristine, percutaneous intervention and surgery are reserved for refractory cases.

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