Vaspin prevents elevation of blood pressure through inhibition of peripheral vascular remodelling in spontaneously hypertensive rats

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Abstract

Aim

Visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor (vaspin) is a relatively novel adipocytokine with protective effects on metabolic diseases including obesity and type II diabetes. We have previously demonstrated that vaspin exerts anti-inflammatory and antimigratory roles through antioxidative effects in vascular smooth muscle cells. As inflammatory responses and migration of smooth muscle in peripheral vascular wall are key mechanisms for the pathogenesis of hypertension, we hypothesized that vaspin could prevent the development of hypertension in in vivo hypertensive animal model.

Methods

Vaspin (1 μg kg−1 day−1) was administered intraperitoneally to 5-week-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) for 4 weeks. Superior mesenteric artery was isolated and used for measurement of isometric contraction and histological analysis.

Results

Long-term vaspin treatment significantly prevented an elevation of systolic blood pressure (SBP) at 8 weeks of age. Vaspin had no effect on reactivity of isolated mesenteric artery from SHR. In contrast, vaspin significantly inhibited mesenteric arterial wall hypertrophy in SHR. Moreover, vaspin significantly inhibited an increase of tumour necrosis factor-α expression and a production of reactive oxygen species in isolated mesenteric artery from SHR.

Conclusion

This study for the first time demonstrates that vaspin prevents the increase of SBP in SHR through inhibiting peripheral vascular hypertrophy possibly via antioxidative and anti-inflammatory mechanisms.

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