Safety, efficacy, predictability and stability of laserin situkeratomileusis (LASIK) with a 1000-Hz scanning spot excimer laser


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Abstract

ABSTRACT.Purpose:To evaluate the safety, efficacy, predictability and stability of laserin situkeratomileusis (LASIK) with a 1000-Hz scanning spot excimer laser (Concept System 1000; WaveLight GmbH, Erlangen, Germany).Methods:LASIK was performed on twenty eyes with myopia or myopic astigmatism (mean spherical equivalent refraction: −3.97 ± 1.72 dioptres (D); mean cylinder: −0.84 ± 0.77 D) using a microkeratome for flap creation and the Concept System 1000 for photoablation. Patients were examined preoperatively as well as 1, 3 and 6 months after the treatment. Manifest sphere and cylinder, uncorrected (UCDVA) and best corrected (BCDVA) distance visual acuity, corneal topography and pachymetry were analysed.Results:We observed no adverse events that might have been associated with the use of a repetition rate of 1000 Hz. All eyes maintained or had improved BCDVA at 6 months after treatment when compared to preoperative values. Six months after LASIK, UCDVA was 20/20 or better in 85% and 20/25 or better in 100% of the eyes. The spherical equivalent refraction was within ±0.50 D in 95% of the eyes at 6 months after surgery. The refraction stayed stable over time; 95% of the eyes changed <0.5 D postoperatively.Conclusion:LASIK with the prototype 1000-Hz excimer laser was safe, efficient and predictable. The postoperative refraction was stable over time. There were no specific clinical side-effects that might be associated with the use of such a high repetition rate.

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