FACTORS PREDICTING THE OUTCOME OF INTRAARTERIAL THROMBOLYSIS IN PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL AND GRAFT OCCLUSIONS
To determine the association between successful intraarterial thrombolysis and the following factors: sex, age, symptoms, duration of symptoms, length of occlusion, conduit type, runoff, and catheter localization.Material and Methods:
Forty-six patients with acute or subacute occlusions of peripheral native arteries and grafts were treated with continuous intraarterial infusion of streptokinase or urokinase. A univariate chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used.Results:
Successful lysis was achieved in 27 of 46 patients (59%). The logistic regression analysis revealed a significant association between successful thrombolysis and good runoff (p<0.01). A catheter position above the occlusion resulted in lysis in only one of 11 patients. The variables rest pain and claudication were slightly significant (p=0.07). None of the other variables were significant, but a trend toward a separate effect of duration of occlusion was found.Conclusion:
Good runoff and intrathrombotic infusion are virtual necessities in obtaining a positive immediate outcome in peripheral arterial and graft occlusions. In our study, other factors were less important.