Histochemical and immunostains are routinely used to evaluate medical liver biopsy specimens. The use of these special stains allows the identification of more clinically important information than is available on hematoxylin and eosin stains alone. These special stains are important for evaluating active and chronic injury and for establishing a specific diagnosis. The skillful use of these stains greatly improves patient care. Information on the use of special stains can be scattered in different sources, making the information hard to access. In this article, the use of special stains in medical liver biopsies is concisely reviewed.