To identify the impact of allergic rhinitis on the quality of life of children with allergic rhinitis in the Republic of Moldova.Materials and methods
This scientific research is a descriptive, selective, nonexperimental clinical trial with a cohort that included 151 children with confirmed diagnosis of allergic rhinitis. The research was conducted based on a standardised questionnaire to assess the quality of life of children with allergic rhinitis developed by Professor Elizabeth Juniper, MCSP, MSc. and translated by Carmen Posoiu. Patients were interviewed based on the actual cases of the Departments of Allergology, Pulmonology and ENT from the Institute of Mother and Child. The data collected for the study were entered into a Microsoft Office Excel 2007 table. The results were processed on the personal computer by using Microsoft Office Excel and EPI-Info 2007.Outcomes
The study conducted to assess the quality of life of children with allergic rhinitis revealed that fatigue/exhaustion had a moderate to severe impact on children (70% of cases); headaches affected moderately to severely 57.6% of cases; the incapacity to perform well an activity (school activity) as usually, disturbed the children in 53% of cases (moderately to severely); general state of being sick (moderately to severely) was expressed in 53% of cases; poor concentration disturbed the children moderately to severely (50.9% of cases); lack of a good night sleep impacted the children moderately to severely in 49% of cases.Conclusions
Values obtained from the analysis of above data revealed a significantly increased frequency in children with allergic rhinitis, considerably reducing their quality of life.