Etiology of Changing Pattern of Drug Abuse From Opium to Methamphetamine in Substance Abuser Women: A Qualitative Study

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This study aimed to identify the most important factors of changing pattern of drug abuse from opium to methamphetamine in Iranian drug-dependent women.

Materials and Methods:

This study was a phenomenological study. The data were analyzed by the 7-step Colaizzi method. Subjects selected from patients who were referred to addiction rehabilitation residential center of welfare organization in Bojnurd city located in northeast Iran.


We found 8 conceptual classes, and 32 codes from the analysis of data. The individual factors were as follow: elevation of mood, obtaining more pleasure, increasing energy and improving performance, relief of physical pain, and sensation seeking.


Depth review and analyses of interviews revealed that individual factors are the most important factor in crystal meth abuse.

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