Body Surface Mapping Improves Diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Emergency Department

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Abstract

Traditionally, the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in emergency departments is done through an assessment of history and presenting symptoms, 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), and cardiac biomarkers. The 12-lead ECG is not highly sensitive for detecting ECG changes, and some infarctions may be missed. Failure to identify patients in the early stages of AMI can result in failure to provide beneficial therapies. New technology, the 80-lead ECG, uses body surface mapping to provide a more comprehensive view of cardiac electrical activity. Body surface mapping has greater sensitivity in detecting AMI in the inferoposterior portions of the left ventricle and the right ventricle. Portable hardware and user-friendly software coupled with an easily applied disposable torso vest containing the electrodes produce a 12-lead ECG, 80-lead ECG, and color contour torso or flat map showing ECG changes. Recent studies support the use of 80-lead body surface mapping for detecting AMI in the emergency department.

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