Plasma membrane redox and control of sirtuin


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Abstract

We consider possible contributions of plasma membrane redox systems to Aging control by sirtuin (SIR). Reported changes in plasma membrane redox introduced by calorie restriction (CR) may lead to activation of SIR. The most obvious effect would lie in the increase of NAD+ as a result of NADH oxidation. So the question arises, do the observed changes herald an increase in NADH oxidase under CR? The other possibility is an increase in expression of SIR by activation of plasma membrane oxidase. Previous experiments have shown that activation of the plasma membrane redox system can increase cellular NAD+ concentration. The plasma membrane redox systems are also involved in control of protein kinase activity through oxygen radical generation. This activity may be related to control of SIR expression.

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