Medication adherence: a complex behavior of medication and illness beliefs

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Medication nonadherence is a public health issue costing an estimated US$290 billion in the USA. The paper discusses the key facts known about medication nonadherence based on past research including predictors, measurements and interventions; and the recent research developments in medication nonadherence. Recent research has shown the need to approach medication adherence as a complex behavior of a patient's beliefs regarding illnesses and medications; and how it varies across each medication for each patient. The paper concludes with the call to develop tailored interventions that match with the reasons for nonadherence for each medication.

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