Urinary incontinence in the aging female:: etiology, pathophysiology and treatment options

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Not only does the prevalence of incontinence increase with age, but the incidence does as well, in no small part due to the greater recognition of its signs and symptoms and the significant negative impact on quality of life. Elderly women differ from their younger counterparts by the presence of several physiologic changes in the urinary tract, as well as the presence of concomitant morbidity and polypharmacy. While the elderly have the same treatment options as younger women, they may experience a greater incidence of adverse events due to urologic and nonurologic factors. The objective of this article is to elucidate the unique changes in the elderly population and summarize the treatment options.

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