An Overview of Analog Feedback Part II: Amplifier Configurations in Generic Device Technologies

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Abstract

In this second installment of a two part paper that overviews analog feedback circuits, computationally efficient and general feedback analysis techniques applicable to virtually all three and four terminal device technologies are formulated. As developed in Part I, these techniques coalesce signal flow and two port network theories in a way that clearly illuminates the loop gain, driving point I/O impedances, and other characteristics of any type of feedback configuration. More than simply developing the signal flow-two port methodology, this paper demonstrates its design-oriented utility by applying the new technique to the problem of assessing the performance attributes and limitations of four single loop and two dual loop feedback architectures.

Three advantages are gleaned by the signal flow-two port method of feedback network analysis. The first advantage is its amenability to a straightforward application of the stability theories and compensation strategies discussed in Part I. The second is its ability to underscore the magnitude of potentially troublesome feedforward factors associated with the feedback network. Once the extent of this parasitic feedforward is highlighted, the topological nature of appropriate feedforward compensation is relatively easy to innovate. The third advantage of signal flow-two port analytical methods is its ability to simplify the analysis of dual loop feedback architectures. This last advantage is noteworthy in view of the fact that dual feedback loops offer the only practical analog mechanism for desensitizing the gain and I/O impedances with respect to uncertainties in open loop parameters.

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