A switch to a raltegravir containing regimen does not lower platelet reactivity in HIV-infected individuals

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Objective:Platelet hyperreactivity and increased platelet-monocyte aggregation (PMA) are associated with increased cardiovascular risk and inflammation. In a previous cross-sectional study, individuals using a raltegravir (RAL)-based regimen were found to have reduced platelet reactivity and PMA compared with other antiretroviral regimens. Our aim was to investigate whether switching from a nonintegrase inhibitor regimen to a RAL-based regimen reduces platelet reactivity or PMA.Design:An investigator initiated, single-centre, prospective randomized, open-label, blinded endpoint trial.Methods:Forty HIV-infected adults using a nonintegrase inhibitor containing regimen with undetectable viral load were randomized to either continue their regimen or switch to a RAL-based regimen for 10 weeks, continuing the same backbone. The primary outcome was the change in platelet reactivity at week 10, which was determined as the expression of the platelet activation marker P-selectin and binding of fibrinogen before and after ex-vivo stimulation with different platelet agonists. Secondary outcomes included PMA, plasma markers of platelet activation and markers of inflammation and immune cell activation.Results:Twenty-one participants were enrolled in the continuation group and 19 in the RAL group. Baseline characteristics were comparable between groups. There were no differences in the change in platelet reactivity to either platelet agonist at week 10, nor in plasma markers of platelet activation. PMA, C-reactive protein, T-cell activation (CD38+HLA-DR+) and monocyte (CD14+CD16+) subsets.Conclusion:Switching a nonintegrase inhibitor containing regimen to a RAL-based regimen does not reduce platelet reactivity, platelet-leukocyte aggregation, inflammation and immune activation in virologically suppressed HIV-infected individuals.Clinical trial number:NCT02383355.

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