Increasing prevalence of self-reported HIV preexposure prophylaxis use in published surveys: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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When combining results from all published surveys, about one in nine global study participants (10.7%) reported ever using preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) by 2017, a significant increase since US FDA approval in 2012 [odds ratio (OR) = 1.6/year, P < 0.00001]. Moreover, nearly one in six US-based study participants (17.3%) and nearly one in four MSM who met the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's PrEP indications (24.5%) reported ever using PrEP by 2016. The odds of reporting PrEP use are approximately doubling each year (OR = 1.8/year, P < 0.00001; OR = 2.0/year, P < 0.00001).

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