Performance of a T-cell-based diagnostic test for tuberculosis infection in HIV-infected individuals is independent of CD4 cell count

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The performance characteristics of the enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT) assay (T-SPOT TB) for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection in HIV-infected individuals are unknown. Given that ELISPOT enumerates Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigen-specific IFN-γ-secreting T cells, HIV-associated immunosuppression might adversely affect test performance. However, we found that 28 out of 29 HIV-positive individuals (97%) gave evaluable test results, and performance was independent of the CD4 T-cell count. ELISPOT test performance appears to be independent of HIV-associated immunosuppression.

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