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Ribozymes (Rzs) and DNA-enzymes (Dzs) possess the ability to prevent gene expression by cleaving target RNA in a catalytic and sequence-specific manner. Although Rzs or Dzs have been used earlier for HIV-1 gene suppression, the present study explored the possibility of using catalytic RNA and DNA simultaneously in a synergistic manner with the hope that this novel approach will allow more potent inhibition for a longer duration.In order to achieve long-term inhibition of HIV-1 replication, a novel non-GUX hammerhead Rz was designed by standard recombinant DNA technology and cloned it under the powerful CMV promoter containing expression vector. A 10–23 catalytic motif containing Dz that was targeted against the conserved second exon of HIV-1 Tat/Rev region was also assembled.Both Rz and Dz possessed sequence-specific cleavage activities individually and simultaneously cleaved target RNA in a synergistic manner under the same in vitro cleavage conditions. These catalytic molecules inhibited HIV-1 replication in macrophages individually and exhibited potent inhibitory effects when used in combination.The combination strategy described here can be widely used against any target RNA to achieve more effective gene inhibition that exploits the simultaneous sequence-specific cleavage potentials of catalytic RNA and DNA.