Zinc fights diarrhoea in HIV-1-infected children: in-vitro evidence to link clinical data and pathophysiological mechanism


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Abstract

Diarrhoea-related morbidity is reduced by zinc supplementation in HIV-1-infected children. The mechanisms of this effect are largely undefined. We provide evidence for role for Tat (transactivating peptide produced by HIV-1) in the pathogenesis of diarrhoea in AIDS patients. In this study we showed that zinc, preventing Tat-induced fluid secretion, directly limits a specific mechanism of HIV-1-related diarrhoea. Our data support a ‘zinc approach’ in adjunct to specific antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1-infected children.

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