Nodular regenerative hyperplasia is a new cause of chronic liver disease in HIV-infected patients


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Abstract

Objective:To describe and explain the syndrome of HIV-associated cryptogenic liver disease in eight consecutive patients suffering from portal hypertension.Methods:The study was undertaken at a liver disease centre in Paris and involved eight of 97 consecutive HIV-infected patients presenting abnormal liver function tests and/or symptomatic portal hypertension of unknown origin. Serology, pathology, and liver function tests were performed.Results:A clear nodular architecture corresponding to nodular regenerative hyperplasia was observed in seven patients and suggested in one, based on the presence of sinusoidal dilatation in a clinical context of portal hypertension, without overt liver disease.Conclusions:Nodular regenerative hyperplasia appears to be a new cause of portal hypertension in HIV-infected patients. This syndrome can be of critical importance as patients can be exposed to the significant complications of portal hypertension and to refractory ascites which may require liver transplantation.

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