Point-of-care HIV RNA testing and immediate antiretroviral therapy initiation in young adults seeking out-patient care in Kenya

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We evaluated outcomes of an HIV-1-testing intervention using rapid HIV tests followed by point-of-care Xpert Qual testing for HIV-1 RNA. Of 706 young urgent-care seeking participants evaluated, 24 (3.4%) had chronic HIV (antibody-positive), 3 (0.4%) acute HIV-1 (Qual-positive, antibody-negative), and 3 (0.4%) early HIV-1 infection (Qual-positive, antibody-discordant). Overall, 21 (70.0%) diagnosed patients started antiretroviral therapy after a median of 4 days (range 0–71). HIV-1 RNA testing led to an increase in confirmed diagnoses by 25%.

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