|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Dissemination of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a priority for reducing new HIV infections, especially among vulnerable populations. However, there are limited data available on PrEP discontinuation following initiation, an important component of the PrEP cascade.Patients receiving PrEP within the San Francisco Department of Public Health Primary Care Clinics (SFPCC) are included in a PrEP registry if they received a PrEP prescription, were not receiving postexposure prophylaxis, and not known to be HIV-positive.We calculated PrEP discontinuation for patients initiating PrEP at any time from January 2012 to July 2017 and evaluated their association with demographic and risk variables using Cox regression analysis.Overall, 348 patients received PrEP over the evaluation period. The majority (84%) were men, and the cohort was racially/ethnically diverse. The median duration of PrEP use was 8.3 months. In adjusted analysis, PrEP discontinuation was lower among older patients (aHR 0.89; 95% CI 0.80–0.99; P = 0.03); but higher among black patients (compared with white patients; aHR 1.87; 95% CI 1.27–2.74; P = 0.001), patients who inject drugs (aHR 4.80; 95% CI 2.66–8.67; P < 0.001), and transgender women who have sex with men (compared with MSM; aHR 1.94; 95% CI 1.36–2.77; P < 0.001).Age, racial/ethnic, and risk category disparities in PrEP discontinuation were identified among patients in a public health-funded primary care setting. Further efforts are needed to understand and address PrEP discontinuation among priority populations to maximize the preventive impact of PrEP, and reverse HIV-related disparities at a population level.