No overall change in the rate of weight gain after switching to an integrase-inhibitor in virologically suppressed adults with HIV

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Objective:Excessive weight gain has been reported with integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs). We evaluated weight changes in virologically suppressed adults with HIV who switched from non-INSTI regimens to raltegravir (RAL)-containing or dolutegravir (DTG)-containing antiretroviral therapy.Design:Retrospective single-centre cohort.Methods:Adults who switched to RAL or DTG before or between January 2015 and October 2017 were identified. Virologically suppressed, treatment-experienced (≥2 years) individuals, at least 6 months on INSTI, with weight measurements 2 years or less pre and postswitch were included. Our analysis used a random effects model with linear slope pre and post-INSTI with adjustment for age, sex, ethnicity, preswitch-regimen (protease inhibitor vs. nonprotease inhibitor), and RAL vs. DTG use.Results:A total of 378 individuals, 81.2% male, 70.1% white ethnicity, median age of 49 years, median of four weight measurements per participant, and median weight and BMI at switch of 76.6 kg and 25.3 kg/m2, respectively, were included. Weight increased by an average of 0.63 kg/year (95% confidence interval 0.17–1.09) preswitch with no overall change in rate of weight gain postswitch [+0.05 kg/year (−0.61–0.71, P = 0.88)]. In our adjusted model, a transition from minimal weight change to weight gain postswitch was isolated to older individuals though this lacked statistical significance [e.g., +1.59 kg/year (−0.26–3.45) if aged 65 years]. Our findings did not differ by sex, ethnicity, preswitch regimen, or RAL vs. DTG. Similar results were seen for BMI and after adjusting for fixed nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor backbone.Conclusion:We found no clear evidence of an overall increase in rate of weight gain following switch to INSTI in virologically suppressed individuals.

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