Process of Developing a New Antimicrobial Drug

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The network for development of a new antimicrobial drug, from discovery of the compound to submission of the New Drug Application, is reviewed. The key problems encountered during this process, as elucidated through a survey of 62 American pharmaceutical companies, include difficulties in discovering new and significant antimicrobial drugs, the unpredictability of in-vitro and animal studies, lack of specific criteria for the bacteriologic response to therapy, difficulties in setting up well-controlled clinical studies, and difficulty with the timely enrollment of suitable patients with precise microbiologic diagnoses before treatment.

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