Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia Induction in Patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome

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In 54 patients with pre-excitation, 30 (56%) had inducible A-V re-entrant paroxysmal tachycardia. Of these 30, 20 had spontaneous paroxysmal tachycardia (four also had atrial fibrillation), four had spontaneous paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, five had a history of palpitation without arrhythmia, and one was asymptomatic. In 24 patients (44%), paroxysmal tachycardia was not inducible. Of these 24, none had documented paroxysmal tachycardia, four had atrial fibrillation, nine had palpitation without arrhythmia, and 11 were asymptomatic. The incidence of documented paroxysmal tachycardia was higher in the patients with inducible tachycardia (P < 0.001). Tachycardia induction was noted in 20 of 20 patients with spontaneous paroxysmal tachycardia, eight of 12 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, five of 14 patients with palpitation and no arrhythmia, and one of 12 asymptomatic patients. The frequency of ability to induce paroxysmal tachycardia was significantly higher in both the patients with documented spontaneous paroxysmal tachycardia and the patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation than in the asymptomatic group (P < 0.01).

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